It’s been a while since I blogged about the use of computed spectra to determine the structure or configuration of a compound. Well, here’s a nice example of the use of computed electronic circular dichroism to determine the configuration of a coumarin that displays axial chirality.
Mazzanti and coworkers have synthesized a series of coumarins,1 obtained their ECD and computed their structures, stero-interconversion barriers (at B3LYP/6-31G(d)) and ECD (at TD-DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(2d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d)). I will mention explicitly here just one example, compound 1, which elutes off a chiral column in two mirror image forms, both of which do not stereomutate over time.
The computed structure of 1 is shown in Figure 1 and the barrier for steromutation is predicted to be quite large, 35.7 kcal mol-1. This explains the lack of stereomutation. The computed ECD of 1M matches very well with the experimental ECD of the first eluted isomer, making the second eluted isomer 1P.
Figure 1. B3LYP/6-31G(d) optimized structure of 1.
(1) Lunazzi, L.; Mancinelli, M.; Mazzanti, A.; Pierini, M., "Stereomutation of Axially Chiral Aryl Coumarins," J. Org. Chem., 2010, ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/jo101261k